Auditor’s study addresses infrastructure challenges facing Western Mass.

  • State Auditor Suzanne Bump during a meeting with local legislators and town officials atop Mount Sugarloaf on July 23. STAFF PHOTO/PAUL FRANZ

  • State Auditor Suzanne Bump released a study Oct. 5 addressing infrastructure funding disparities in the state. Among recommended improvements is a change in the formula for allocating Chapter 90 funding to towns in Massachusetts. SCREENSHOT/ZACK DELUCA

Staff Writer
Published: 10/5/2021 1:33:13 PM
Modified: 10/5/2021 1:33:15 PM

Western Massachusetts communities don’t have the tools necessary to maintain or develop public infrastructure for roadways, buildings and broadband internet, according to a 100-page study the state auditor released Tuesday.

State Auditor Suzanne M. Bump and Division of Local Mandates Director Ben Tafoya held a virtual media roundtable Monday morning in advance of the release of the Office of the State Auditor’s study, “Public Infrastructure in Western Massachusetts: A Critical Need for Regional Investment and Revitalization.”

“This report advocates for increased investment in our western regions,” Bump said during media discussion.

The study notes that if not addressed, “public infrastructure challenges will further exacerbate the commonwealth’s east-west divide.” It centered on addressing the connection between the quality of life and adequate infrastructure.

Tafoya said the results of the study focused mainly on concerns of shortfalls in investment for municipal buildings, broadband and transportation or roadway infrastructure.

According to the report, the Division of Local Mandates (DLM) sent a survey in late 2020 to all 101 communities in Western Massachusetts. Responses were received from 45 communities that show a deep need for continuing investment in infrastructure and a lack of sufficient resources to meet that need. Responses to this survey showed “a tremendous need for improvements and changes across all categories,” Tafoya said.

Bump acknowledged that the title of the study indicates a focus on Western Massachusetts communities. Having lived in the western part of the state herself for over 20 years, she said she saw “the reality of the east-wide divide” and the limited ability of communities that are “strapped for cash” to fund infrastructure projects themselves. Earlier this year, Bump’s office re leased a report relative to the dispro portionate impact of PILOT programs on Western Massachusetts communities.

“With this report, too, we have focused on the unique problems that confront the four counties of Western Massachusetts,” Bump said Monday. “Let me get right to the bottom line of the report, which underscores the need for the commonwealth to come forward with a rural needs rescue plan.…”

She said this is an “opportunity to reverse decades of disinvestment” in the four rural counties of Berkshire, Franklin, Hampden and Hampshire. After the various mills which once powered the area's economy ceased to operate, and without the same “high-tech” business boom as seen on the eastern side of the state, Bump said western counties have consistently faced shrinking populations and labor forces.

With fewer taxpayers, the communities are inadequately funded for public infrastructure. Bump addressed the Chapter 90 formula for funding for roadway infrastructure. While this funding is available to all communities across the commonwealth, it is distributed based on “a formula that hasn’t been updated since the 70s,” Bump said. She said many towns rely on Chapter 90 money for more than 60 percent of their annual roads budgets.

The study asked communities to assign a dollar figure to the gap between what they spend and what they perceive to be the amount needed to adequately maintain their roadways each year.

The Massachusetts Municipal Association, which has consistently advocated for a funding amount of at least $300 million annually, estimates that an annual total investment of $588,391,743 is needed to have all roads across the commonwealth brought to a state of good repair. This means there is an annual funding gap of $388,391,743 between the current appropriation level and funding need.

“Deferred investment and chronic underfunding of the Chapter 90 Program has caused this gap to grow, and it will continue to do so without further investment from the state,” reads the study.

According to Bump, the current formula for allocation per roadway mile results in Franklin County receiving $4,383 per roadway mile, while in Suffolk County it is $12,169. The problem, she said, is that the formula for distributing this money is weighed more heavily on population than road mileage. With shrinking populations, the towns in the four counties of Western Massachusetts receive dwindling shares of Chapter 90 money.

The study proposes a revised formula that weighs roadway mileage more heavily to correct this east-west divide. Bump said the state administration has it within its power to change this formula to one “that takes into consideration the lack of ability to self-fund by rural communities.” And in this case, she said, “it’s not just Western Massachusetts, but across the commonwealth all rural communities are particularly strapped.”

In the report, Bump notes this is an opportune time to make the proposed changes, as the federal government is engaged in discussions to increase investment in neglected areas of roadways, broadband internet and more. Additionally, the report states “the commonwealth is examining the use of funds from the American Rescue Plan Act and a significant budgetary surplus as sources for further investment in climate resiliency and critical infrastructure.”

On Tuesday, Bump will testify before the Joint Committee on Ways and Means and House Committee on Federal Stimulus and Census Oversight on state spending of American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA) funding. In her testimony, she will urge lawmakers to allocate federal funding to the Office of the State Auditor, Office of the Inspector General, Office of the Comptroller, Division of Local Services and Office of the Attorney General for oversight costs associated with ensuring this funding is spent appropriately and effectively.

Zack DeLuca can be reached at or 413-930-4579.

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